2. Achieve universal primary education


  1. Ensure that by 2015 all Zimbabwean children, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full programme of primary education.


National Status and Perspectives

The net enrolment ratios (NER) in Zimbabwe have been traditionally very high, despite some fluctuations on the same. In 2011, NER declined to 87% from a high of 91% in 2009. Very little gender or geographic disparity is found at primary school level.

Completion rates have not been as high as NER, although they have risen from 68% in 2005 to 82% in 2009. Students in urban areas and female students have been shown to demonstrate higher completion rates. Zimbabwe has in 2012 developed a focused Accelerated Action Plan to address the specific issue of primary school completion rates. Financial constraints remain one of the key factors preventing higher quality of education.

Literacy rates have also traditionally been high in Zimbabwe, rising from 85% in 1994 to 99% in 2011 amongst 15-24 year olds.