3. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women


  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
  2. Increase the participation of women in decision-making in all sectors and at all levels (to 40% for women in senior civil service positions and to 30% for parliament) by 2005 and to a 50:50 balance by 2015


National Status and Perspectives

Zimbabwe has achieved gender parity at primary and secondary school levels with respect to enrolment, attendance and completion rates. There is also gender parity in literacy rates. However, enrolment gender disparities still exist at tertiary level, although this is gradually being improved, especially considering that cohorts with gender parity in high schools are proceeding to the tertiary level.

There is need for greater effort to increase the participation of women in decision-making in all sectors. Although the legislative framework for the empowerment of women has led to some progress, more affirmative action to promote gender equality in higher positions is required. The percentage of women managers in the private sector was only 21% in 2011, and the percentage of female Parliamentarians has remained as it was after the 2008 elections, at 14% for the Lower House and 24% for the Upper House. The percentage of female urban and female rural councillors is 19%.