4. Reduce Child Mortality

Target:

  1. Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

 

National Status and Perspectives

In Zimbabwe both under-five and infant mortality rates are improving but very slowly. The under-five mortality rate declined from 102 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1999 to 84 per 1,000 in 2010/2011. The infant mortality rate declined from 65 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1999 to 57 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2010/2011.  Even so, this decline is not fast enough to achieve the MDG 4 target.

Rural children have a higher mortality rate than their urban counterparts; findings indicate that socioeconomic status and the education level of the mother lead to lower mortality rates for children.

Four preventable conditions have led to the vast majority of under-five deaths: AIDS, neonatal problems, pneumonia and diarrhoea. Immunisation coverage has improved in general, but the high cost of obtaining treatment and the lack of easy access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation are major obstacles to reducing under-five and infant mortality rates.