7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Targets:

  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving by 2010 a significant reduction in the rate of loss
  3. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
  4. By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum-dwellers

National Status and Perspectives

Progress on environmental sustainability in Zimbabwe has been variable. Positive results include phasing out ozone-depleting substances, minimising carbon dioxide emissions as well as gradual improvements in access to safe sources of water, increasing from 61% of 2009 to 79% by 2010. However, there are indications that the water situation in Zimbabwe may have since worsened.

Deforestation remains a problem, as the majority of Zimbabweans continue to harvest natural resources such as firewood without the enforcement of any prohibitive regulations. This highlights the fact that poverty, which can lead individuals to rely on resources such as firewood to sustain themselves, is intimately connected with environmental sustainability. Additionally, while there was a reduction of 50% in reported poaching during 2010–2011, there are at least three endangered species of animals in Zimbabwe which still require support.