3. Food Security at Household and National Levels

The agriculture sector is the backbone of the Zimbabwean economy, contributing to 15-20% of GDP. Over the past decade there has been increased food and nutrition insecurity at the household and national levels, emanating from reduced productivity and production of the main crops. Moreover, the country still lacks a comprehensive agriculture policy framework.

In order to promote food security at the household and national levels and assist Zimbabwe to achieve its development goals, the United Nations in Zimbabwe has articulated its support around one main outcome:

  1. Policy and action frameworks in place for enabling agricultural productivity and production.

This outcome will contribute to progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, specifically MDG 1: the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger.
To address this challenge, the UNCT will provide technical assistance to leading policy and research institutions for the provision of an enabling policy environment for increased crop and livestock productivity and production in support of the 2011-2015 Medium Term Plan.

Support will also be provided by the UNCT to deal with poverty in rural areas, taking into consideration the four main components of food security: availability, accessibility, utilisation and asset creation. All interventions will give special consideration to the needs of women (represent 65% of agricultural labour in rural area) and other vulnerable groups, environmental sustainability, sound use of natural resources and adaptation to climate change.

The UN will promote knowledge exchange and the sharing of experiences in agricultural production and productivity with other countries, especially those in SADC and COMESA as they share similar climatic conditions. A resource estimated at USD 300 million is required for the achievement of this outcome.